Source List

Editor’s Commentary on Arrangement:

Hello, my readers, before you start reading my journal of researches you have to take a look at my notes below. It is important to read these notes to enjoy reading the entire search:

I arranged sources that you are seeing them under the name of source list in a particular order, so you supposed to follow my order when you read them. This order shows ideas in this way: First three sources show people opinion about using robots in jobs, and why they are afraid of the era of robots. Also, these sources answer the important question which is “Are robots will take our jobs?”. The second three sources show the idea if can we live with robots and work together in the future in the same place without changing the human touch, or can we not. The rest of sources give the positive idea of using robots in different jobs, and it shows how robots will solve a lot of problems such as pollutions and increasing population which the world is facing them today.

At first glance, when you see the list of sources, you will think that list appears in this order for no reason, but you will be wrong. This order or this list leads the reader to the objective of creating this journal, and I chose this order for many reasons too. The first reason is allowing the reader to understand the topic easily and clearly. In addition, this order is making sense for the reader, and it follows the logic of topic. The most interesting reason is this order will let the reader have a lot of questions as he or she follows, and it will lead him/her to want to read more about this topic. In fact, this order will lead the reader to think deeply about those ideas and about the future in general.

Sources list:

People’s opinion about using robots:

“The Robots Are Coming, but Are They Really Taking Our Jobs?”

Summary: This source was written on Aug 6, 2014, by Adrienne Lafrance. She is a staff writer at The Atlantic, where she covers technology. She discussed how robots will enter our life in the future such as they will be part of our home, our work, and our stuff that we are daily use in our life. She also discussed the misunderstanding of the idea; robots will take our job in the future. The important job will be taken by robots which made people afraid about their job, but some people have a different idea as the article showed, for example, human will not give up because of humanity features, and they will create different jobs to live and meet what they need which will affect the economy in a positive way.

LaFrance, Adrienne. “The Robots Are Coming, but Are They Really Taking Our Jobs?”Atlantic 6 Aug. 2014: n. pag. Web.

Why Humans Don’t Trust Robots, AI

Summary: This article was written by David Wagner on 6/22/2015. David has been writing on business and technology for over 10 years and was most recently Managing Editor at Before that, he was an Assistant Editor at MIT Sloan Management Review, where he covered a wide range of business topics including IT, leadership, and innovation. In this article, the author raises an important question which is why people do not trust robots in work and what is the solution to make people be comfortable to work with robots, so in this article, he discussed the reasons and what is the solution for making people trust robots. For example, as the article mention, humanity in people refuse the idea to trust robots!

Wagner, David . “Why Humans Don’t Trust Robots, AI.” InformationWeek. N.p., 22 June 2015. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

“Lifting the Burden of Women’s Care Work: Should Robots Replace the “Human Touch”?

Summary: This article was written by Jennifer A. Parks, who also wrote The Bioethics in a Changing World. She argues in this article how women take a big part in our society because she has a skill in care and multitasking. In fact, the work with care is fit more with the structure of women which make women be so busy to cover all caring work. As a result, some countries replace the women’s care work with Robots to solve the lack care like for example what happen in Japan. Japan find a solution for the lack of caring by developing robots to help in this side. However, when the idea is presented to the elderly people who need helps at home, they afraid and refused the idea. The idea of using robots in caring work being an issue!

PARKS, JENNIFER A. “Lifting the Burden of Women’s Care Work: Should Robots Replace the “human Touch”?” Hypatia. 25.1 (2011): 100-120. Print.

Living and working with robots, can we?

Why Computers Aren’t Going to Steal Everyone’s Jobs – The Atlantic

Summary: This article was written on JAN 19, 2016 by James Bessen. He is an economist and a lecturer at the Boston University School of Law. The author argued in this article why people afraid from robotics while we are using computers in our job. He discussed his idea by illustrating an example from industry which computer make most work such as lawyers and paralegals and how the computer makes the job more efficient. He also compared the work by using a computer and without using it which is illustrate by this comparing the big effect in cost and time. Moreover, the computers and robots have an advantage of making work accurate and correct more than human.

Bessen, James. “The Automation Paradox.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 19 Jan. 2016. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Can we control it? Autonomous robots threaten human identity, uniqueness, safety, and resources

Summary: This article was written by Jakub Złotowski Affiliation: HIT Lab NZ, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; Kumar Yogeeswaran Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; and Christoph Bartneck Affiliation: HIT Lab NZ, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand on 10 December 2015, which publication by International Journal of Human – Computer Studies. This article discussed how robotics’ issues are important which make the scientists make a lot of research to understand the effect of robotic in our life. The research included these aspects social power, realistic and identity threats, mediating role of threat on prejudice and discrimination and hypotheses. The results showed that people have ongoing fears of autonomous robots. However, this experiment it is depends on in which culture it used. For example, In East Asia robots are using differently than other culture that used in this experiment. Finally, the result raised a lot of questions about robots and social.

Złotowski, Jakub, Kumar Yogeeswaran, and Christoph Bartneck. “Can We Control It? Autonomous Robots Threaten Human Identity, Uniqueness, Safety, and Resources.” International Journal of Human – Computer Studies. 100 (2017): 48-54. Print.

“Role of expressive behavior for robots that learn from people.”

Summary: This source was written by C Breazeal Affiliation: (The MIT Media Lab, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. on 2009 Dec 12. The source is publication by Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences as an article. This article discussed why we use robots that learn from people and we do not want people to do our job? Also,  it talks about how robots are effects by the expertise. For example, robots are taking behaviors and characteristic of people who develop it.
Breazeal, C. “Role of Expressive Behaviour for Robots That Learn from People.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 364.1535 (2009): 3527-38. Print.

 The bright side of robots:

“Better Than Human: Why Robots Will — and Must — Take Our Jobs” 
Summary: This article was written by Kevin Kelly on 12.24.12. The article talks about robots and how robots are affected in our job. For example, it discussed the advantage of using a robot to finish jobs with highly speed. Also, It shows what jobs robots can take. It takes the job that human cannot do for many reasons such as short memory and patients. Finally, giving hard work for robots will save the economy in 2050. 
Kelly, Kevin. “Better Than Human: Why Robots Will — And Must — Take Our Jobs.” Wired. Conde Nast, 24 Dec. 2012. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

The Future of the Army: Fewer Soldiers, More Robots, More ‘Lethality’

Summary: This article was written by Alexis C. Madrigal is a contributing editor for The Atlantic. He’s the author of Powering the Dream: The History and Promise of Green Technology. This article briefly talks about advantages of using robots in the war which will lead to having less number of human in the war with more power. For example, robots could protect the rest of army which make the force of protection less. Also, robots will give more power to the army. Robots can also do the perfect movement in the war such as maneuverability.

Madrigal, Alexis. “The Future Of The Army: Fewer Soldiers, More Robots, More ‘Lethality'”. The Atlantic. N.p., 2017. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

A robot that eats pollution

Summary: This talk was on Mar 2016 in ted talk by Jonathan Rossiter. He is an engineer, and he is making robots. In this talk, Jonathan tried to explain his idea which talks about how we can use robots to reduce pollutions. He illustrated some problems such as oil and algae inside the sea and how we can designed robots for this environment in small details. In fact, the talker designed robots by taking the characteristics of organisms. For example, he used the characteristics of basking shark to swim in the sea and eat the pollution as the real fish or shark. These robots can be controlled by people by seeing the amount of pollution the robot was reduced. This some idea of the robots future!

Rossiter, Jonathan. “Transcript Of “A Robot That Eats Pollution””. N.p., 2017. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

Summary: This article was written on December 2, 2016, by Ruchir Sharma, chief global strategist at Morgan Stanley Investment Management, is the author of The Rise and Fall of Nations: Forces of Change in the Post-Crisis World. It talks about what will happen in the world on 2050, which the population will rise from 7.3 billion to  10 billion. As a result, robots are the only solution for this problem to solve the economy. For example, like what happens in some industrial countries, people who are not working is decreased in a significant way because they used robots in works. The Japanese economy was increased by more than 0.8 percent. As a result, robots can work with people to save the economy and save the word from increasing population.

Sharma, Ruchir, and Ruchir Sharma. “Robots Won’T Kill The Workforce. They’Ll Save The Global Economy.”. Washington Post. N.p., 2017. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.