Source #1: Can we control it? Autonomous robots threaten human identity, uniqueness, safety, and resources (from the library)
Summary: This article was written by Jakub Złotowski Affiliation: HIT Lab NZ, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; Kumar Yogeeswaran Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; and Christoph Bartneck Affiliation: HIT Lab NZ, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand on 10 December 2015, which publication by International Journal of Human – Computer Studies. This article discussed how robotics’ issues are important which make the scientists make empirical research to understand the effect of robotic in our life. The research included these aspects social power, realistic and identity threats, mediating role of threat on prejudice and discrimination and hypotheses. The results showed that people have ongoing fears of autonomous robots. However, this experiment it is depends on in which culture it used. For example, they said that “In East Asia, robots are presented as helping humans to defeat common enemies and they can co-exist peacefully. Therefore, it is possible that the perception of autonomous robots in these cultures may be much more positive than in our study”. Finally, findings have practical implications for research on AI and open new questions on the relationship between robot autonomy and their social impact.
Source #2: Robots at Work and Play
Summary: This article was written by Alan Taylor is a senior editor at The Atlantic, where he oversees the Photo section. He wrote this article on NOV 19, 2014. It discussed how is robotics are important to our life by taking place in the fields of space exploration, health care, public safety, entertainment, defense, and more. For example, these machines — some fully autonomous, some requiring human input — extend our grasp, enhance our capabilities, and travel as our surrogates to places too dangerous or difficult for us to go. In addition, it shows how it takes place in playing as the authors illustrated that as an example by showing the picture “A robot of a German team, left, plays the ball besides a British team robot in the Kids League at the RoboCup German Open 2014 in Magdeburg, Germany, on April 3, 2014. 44 international RoboCup Major League teams from 12 countries demonstrate the state-of-the-art competitions in soccer, rescue and service robots”.
Summary: This article was written on JAN 19, 2016 by James Bessen. He is an economist and a lecturer at the Boston University School of Law and he is the author of the book Learning by Doing: The Real Connection Between Innovation, Wages, and Wealth. The author argued in this article why people afraid from robotics while we are using computers in our job. He discussed his idea by saying that” Take the legal industry as an example. Computers are taking over some of the work of lawyers and paralegals, and they’re doing a better job of it. For over a decade, computers have been used to sort through corporate documents to find those that are relevant to lawsuits. This process—called “discovery” in the profession—can run up millions of dollars in legal bills, but electronic methods can erase the vast majority of those costs. Moreover, the computers are often more accurate than humans: In one study, software correctly found 95 percent of the relevant documents, while humans identified only 51 percent”. In fact, robots need more positive attention than any panic from people.
Notes: The connections I noted between these sources are showing how people are afraid of robotic because they think the robotic will take their jobs. In fact, the last sources let me want to know about different ideas that argue the idea of robotic will take our jobs in the future. My topic is changing as I learn more about it by adding different aspect such as how we can control robots in the future. These assignments let me understand the research process because the lead me to build a good picture to my project by adjusting my guiding question as I search more.